4S Graphics, Inc.
4S Graphics, Inc.
Specialty Substrates for Printing

Basic Terminologies - Banners

4SG - Tech Team
02.25.20 08:14 AM Comment(s)

Banners - Types, Ounce, Deniers, Weave, Thread Count & more.

Q: WHAT ARE DIFFERENT TYPES OF BANNER?

A: There are six types of Banners,
  1. SCRIM BANNER or VINYL BANNERS - made of PVC (also referred to as Vinyl)
  2. STAY FLAT (ANTI-CURL) BANNERS - made of Poly Propylene (PP), PVC, or Blends of PP & PET.
  3. MESH BANNERS - made of PVC, they have crisscross breathable patterns for the wind to pass through and avoid tearing,
  4. CANVAS BANNERS - made of Cotton or Poly-Cotton Blends, they offer a very premium look & feel.
  5. POLYESTER FABRIC BANNERS - made of polyester fabrics offer strength and premium look and feel. 
  6. PAPER BANNERS - made of the various thickness of the paper.


Q: WHAT DO YOU MEAN BY SCRIM BANNERS?

A: Scrim as per dictionary means 'piece of gauze cloth'. In the printing industry, this piece of gauze cloth holds the PVC together & provides strength to the banner. 

Q: WHAT DO YOU MEAN BY "OUNCE" WEIGHT OF BANNER?
A: If you took a 36" x 36" square of any banner (one square yard) and put it on a scale, the weight should give you the weight of the banner. Or, it can be a representation of the amount of PVC used to coat the scrim. 

Example: A square yard of 10oz banner should weigh in at 10oz, while the same size square of 13oz banner should weigh 13oz. Which also implies 8oz is less durable than 13oz, which is less durable than 18oz.

Q: WHAT IS "DENIER"?
A: Denier is a term used to measure textiles and scrim banner, accurately to measure the thickness of threads.

A 500 denier thread means that the single thread has been twisted 500 times in the finished length of 1 inch. The higher the number the thicker the tread and stronger too. Imagine this string almost like a rope. Which means Denier is a primary driver of the price of the material.

For the banner, the denier numbers shows the warp and weft directions. 
example: 250 x 500 means the warp threads are 250 deniers, and the weft threads are 500 deniers.

Q: WHAT DOES "WEAVE" or "THREAD COUNT" MEAN?
A: Thread count or weave refers to the "Threads per Inch" in a textile. The more threads per inch make a textile smoother. For the banner, the numbers is shown in warp and weft directions (see below). 

Q: WHAT IS "WARP" and "WEFT"?
A: When referring to textiles and scrim banner, the warp refers to the length and weft refers to the width of the textile and scrim banner. 
Example: 12x18 means there are 12 threads in an inch across the warp direction, and 18 threads in an inch across the weft direction.
 
Q: WHAT DO YOU MEAN BY "MIL"? 
A: MIL is also used to define weight of CANVAS & POLYESTER BANNERS. A mil is a measurement that equals one-thousandth of an inch or 0.001 inches. Most human hair is One-thousandth of an inch or 0.001 inches. So when you see a Canvas of 15mil, This means 15-thousandths of an inch or 0.015 inches.

Q: WHAT DO YOU MEAN BY "GSM"?
A: GSM stands for Grams per Square Meter. Simply put, the weight of paper of size 1 Meter x 1 Meter is defined by GSM. 

You can request samples of all our Banners we offer by click on these links below : 
LEARN MORE ABOUT SOLVIT BANNERS